Equation of state and pressure-induced structural changes in mirabilite (Na2SO4 center dot 10H(2)O) determined from ab initio density functional theory calculations.
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals
265 - 282.
We have carried out ab initio calculations using density functional theory to determine the bulk elastic properties of mirabilite, Na2SO4 center dot 10H(2)O, and to obtain information on structural trends caused by the application of high pressure up to similar to 60 GPa. We have found that there are substantial isosymmetric discontinuous structural re-organisations at similar to 7.7 and similar to 20 GPa caused by changes in the manner in which the sodium cations are coordinated by water molecules. The low-pressure and intermediate-pressure phases both have sodium in sixfold coordination but in the high-pressure phase the coordination changes from sixfold to sevenfold. These coordination changes force a re-arrangement of the hydrogen-bond network in the crystal. The trend is towards a reduction in the number of hydrogen bonds donated to the sulphate group (from twelve down to six over the range 0-60 GPa) and an increase in hydrogen bonding amongst the Na-coordinated water molecules and the two interstitial water molecules. Ultimately, we observe proton transfers from the interstitial waters (forming OH- ions) to two of the Na-coordinated waters (forming a pair of H3O+ ions). The equation of state in the athermal limit of the low-pressure phase of mirabilite, parameterised by fitting an integrated form of the third-order Birch-Murnaghan expression to the calculated energy as a function of unit-cell volume, yields the zero-pressure unit-cell volume, V (0) = 1468.6(9) (3), the incompressibility, K (0) = 22.21(9) GPa, and the first pressure derivative K (0)' = (a,K/a,P)(0) = 5.6(1).
|Title:||Equation of state and pressure-induced structural changes in mirabilite (Na2SO4 center dot 10H(2)O) determined from ab initio density functional theory calculations|
|Keywords:||Mirabilite, Ab initio calculations, Incompressibility, Salt hydrates, SODIUM-SULFATE DECAHYDRATE, NEUTRON POWDER DIFFRACTION, AUGMENTED-WAVE METHOD, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, ELECTRON-GAS, AMMONIA DIHYDRATE, THERMAL-EXPANSION, HYDRONIUM ION, ENERGY, SALT|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Earth Sciences|
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